Tourism as a catalyst for poverty.
PALAFOX MUÑOZ, ALEJANDRO
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The Latin American economies have implemented structural changes since the second half of the 20th century characterized by widespread economic crises. In this sense, the neoliberal capitalist mode of production prevailed in the región in response to the suggestions of international organizations. The tourist activity as axis of accumulation and deterioration represents for Mexico the third source of economic income, since it generates 8.6% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at national level anda Quintana Roo contibutes with 43% of the captured foreing currency. However, the data indicate high levels of poverty in the state, despite the importance of the tourism sector for the state and national economy, where the entity received almost 32% of international tourism during 2016. As a strategy to combat poverty, in 2012, the labor legislation was reformed, the changes legalized the practice identified as labor flexibilization, which leads to job insecurity.
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